Location: Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti
  • Area: total: 48,730 sq km

  • Land: 48,380 sq km

  • Water: 350 sq km

  • Area – comparative: slightly more than twice the size of New Hampshire

  • Land boundaries: total: 360 km

  • Border countries: Haiti 360 km

  • Coastline: 1,288 km

  • Climate: tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall

  • Terrain: rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed

  • Elevation extremes: lowest point: Lago Enriquillo -46 m

  • Highest point: Pico Duarte 3,175 m

  • Natural resources: nickel, bauxite, gold, silver

  • Land use: arable land: 22.49%

  • Permanent crops: 10.26%

  • Other: 67.25% (2005)

  • Irrigated land: 2,750 sq km (2003)

  • Total renewable water resources: 21 cu km (2000)

  • Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural): total: 3.39 cu km/yr (32%/2%/66%)

  • Per capita: 381 cu m/yr (2000)

Geography